Competencias digitales y alfabetización mediática para una educación abierta y en línea

Palabras clave: Tecnologías digitales, Alfabetización mediática, Aprendizaje, Educación abierta, Educación en línea


We live in a society where physical and virtual reality are increasingly intertwined. The boundaries between the body and the imaginary gain new contours and definitions, affecting important and essential aspects, such as the power of participation and emancipation of the individual in the society in which he/she is inserted. The rapid pace of the technological and digital society makes it essential that both teachers and students know how to use different digital resources to create and develop learning environments that lead not only to the acquisition of knowledge, but also to scenarios that promote the development of different learning skills. Recently, the emphasis given to the relevance of digital competence has resulted in the development of various initiatives in Europe aimed at promoting digital and media competence. In addition, evaluating media in a critical and conscious way, developing the skills necessary to participate in an active and informed way in society, is considered today a fundamental competence for an increasingly mediated society and also for an education that increasingly moves in a fluid way between formal and non-formal spaces. To this end, it is necessary to rethink the objectives and methodologies of education, based on a concept of literacy that is continuously evolving, related to the skills needed to read, understand and communicate.

Biografía del autor/a

Sara Dias-Trindade, Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal)

Universidad de Coimbra, Centro de Estudios Interdisciplinarios, Facultad de Artes (DHEEAA). Doctor en Historia.

José António Moreira, Universidade Aberta (Portugal)

Universidad Abierta, Departamento de Educación y Aprendizaje a Distancia, Centro de Estudios Interdisciplinarios. Doctor en Ciencias de la Educación.


Aguaded-Gómez, I., & Pérez-Rodríguez, M. A. (2012). Strategies for media literacy: Audiovisual skills and the citizenship in Andalusia. New Approaches in Educational Research, 1(1), 22-26.

Buckingham, D. (2009). The future of media literacy in the digital age: some challenges for policy and practice. In P. Verniers (Ed.), Media literacy in Europe: controversies, challenges and perspectives (pp. 13-24). EuroMeduc.

Carretero, S., Vuorikari, R., & Punie, Y. (2017). DigComp 2.1: The Digital Competence Framework for Citizens with eight proficiency levels and examples of use. Luxembourg Publication Office of the European Union.

Cartelli, A. (2010). Frameworks for digital competence assessment: Proposals, instruments, and evaluation. URL: Cartelli 861.pdf. (Acess: 15 jun 2020).

Conselho Nacional de Educação (2011). Recomendação sobre Educação para a Literacia Mediática, 6.

Downes, S. (2006). Semantic networks and social Networks. The Learning Organization, 12(5). 411-417.

EU - European Parliament and Council (2007). Directiva 2007/65/CE.

Ferrés, J. (2007). La competencia en comunicación audiovisual: Dimensiones e indicadores. Comunicar, 29(XV). 100-107.

Ferrés, J., & Piscitelli. A. (2012). La competencia mediática: Propuesta articulada de dimensiones e indicadores. Comunicar, 38(XIX). 75-82

Gutiérrez, A., & Tyner, K. (2012). Media Literacy in Multiple Contexts. Comunicar, 38(XIX). 10-12.

Martin, A., & Grudziecki, J. (2006). DigEuLit: concepts and tools for digital literacy development. Innovation in Teaching and Learning in Information and Computer Sciences, 5. 1-19.

Matos, A., Festas, M. I., & Seixas, A. M. (2016). Digital media and the challenges for media education. Applied Technologies and Innovations, 12(2). 43-53.

UNESCO (2013). Global Media and Information Literacy Assessment Framework: Country Readiness and Competencies. UNESCO.

Vuorikari, R., Punie, Y., Carretero Gomez, S., & Van den Brande, G. (2016). Digcomp 2.0 the digital competence framework for citizens. Update phase 1: The Conceptual Reference Model. Luxembourg Publication Office of the European Union.

Wilson, C., Grizzle, A., Tuazon, R., Akyempong, K., & Cheung, C. K. (2011). Media and information literacy. Curriculum for teachers. UNESCO.

Cómo citar
Dias-TrindadeS., & MoreiraJ. (2021). Competencias digitales y alfabetización mediática para una educación abierta y en línea. Obra Digital, (21), 10-15.